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Angulo Iñiguez, Diego

Date born: July 18, 1901

Place born: Valverde del Camino (Huelva), Spain

Date died: November 5, 1986

Place died: Seville, Spain

Historian and critic of Spanish colonial art and culture. Angulo Iñiguez received his undergraduate at the University in Seville in History in 1920. In 1922 he was awarded his Ph.D. from the Universidad Central de Madrid for a thesis on the Renaissance goldsmiths of Seville. He began his career in Seville, where he studied the archives of the Indies. In 1930 he published his dissertation on Andalusian sculpture and established the Laboratorio de Arte Americano (Labratory of American Art). He was appointed to the Catedrático de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada de la Universidad de Granada, where he did ground-breaking work on the history of Spanish colonial art in South America. This coincided with the general opening to a broader audience of the great archival centers in Spain, the Archivo General de Indias (Seville), the Archivo General de Simancas; and the Madrid archives, Archivo Histórico Nacional, Servicio Histórico Militar y Museo Naval (Gutiérrez Viñuales). In 1939 he was appointed Profesor at the University of Madrid where he supervised the work of the graduate student Enrique Marco Dorta, later the director of the Art History department in Seville. Marco Dorta and Mario Buschiazzo from the University of Buenos Aires collaborated with him on a four-volume study covering architecture, painting, sculpture, decorative arts, Historia del arte hispanoamericano, published in 1945. The work followed the evolution of these artistic forms from the assimilation of Spanish art by the colonies to neo-classicism. Angulo Iñiguez directed the Institute Diego Velázquez at the University of Madrid. Angulo Iñiguez was member of the Academy of History and Arts and of the Council of Scientific Investigations, as well as the director of the Prado Museum; he also directed the publication Archivo Español de Arte, founded in 1924 by Manuel Gómez Moreno as Archivo Español de Arte y Arqueología, the first Spanish journal exclusively dedicated to artistic historiography.

Angulo Iñiguez’s art-historical knowledge was vast. He had many students in addition to Marco Dorta. Both his History of Spanish American Art and his three-volume study of Murillo are considered landmarks in art history. LS/CS

Home Country: Spain

Sources: Bazin, Germain. Histoire de l’histoire de l’art de Vasari à nos jours. Paris: Albin Michel, 1986, p. 441, 455; Mateo Gómez, Isabel. Diego Angulo Iñiguez, historiador del arte. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2001. Ruiz Gomar, Rogelio. La pintura de la Nueva España en la obra de Diego Angulo Iñiguez." Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas 15 no. 59, 1988; Vargas Lugo, Elisa. "Los retablos novohispanos en opinión de don Diego Angulo Iñiguez." Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas 15 no. 59, 1988; Gutiérrez Viñuales, Rodrigo. "Historiografía del arte Iberoamericano en España: pintura, escultura y artes útiles." Cuadernos de Arte de la Universidad de Granada no. 30 (1999): 181-186; Diccionario de historiadores españoles del arte. Borrás Gualis, Gonzalo M., and Reyes Pacios Lozano, Ana, eds. Madrid: Cátedra, 2006, pp. 52-54.

Bibliography:[dissertation:] Orfebrería sevillana desde 1500 a 1800. Madrid, Universidad Central, 1922; La escultura en Andalucia: sieglos XV-XVIII. 3 vols. Seville: Univ. de Sevill Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 1930; La arquitectura mudéjar sevillana de los siglos XIII, XIV y XV [1935]. Sevilla, 1962; Planos de documentos arquitectónicos de América y Filipinas en el Archivo de Indias. 4 vols. Sevilla, 1933-1936; and Marco Dorta, Enrique, and Buschiazzo, Mario José. Historia del arte hispanoamericano. 4 vols. Barcelona-Madrid-Buenos Aires, 1945-1956; Juan de Borgoña. Madrid : Instituto Diego Velázquez, Consejo Superior Investigaciones Científicas, 1954; Pintura del Renacimiento (vol. XII of the collection Ars Hispaniae). Madrid : Plus Ultra, 1954; Murillo: Su vida, su arte, su obra. 3 vols. Madrid, 1981.

Subject's name: Angulo Iñiguez, Diego