Dörner, Max (also, Doerner)

Date born: 1870

Place born: Burghausen (Bavaria), Germany

Date died: 1939

Place died: Munich, Germany

University of Munich painting professor and authority on historic paints and painting material. Dörner was the son of an army officier. He studied at the Bavarian royal academy under Johann Kaspar Herterich (1843-1905) and Wilhelm von Diez (1837-1907). He took an extended Italian study under the painters Arnold Böcklin and Hans von Marees and studied Pompeiian wall painting. He became a member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Föderung rationeller Malverfahren (German Society of the Promotion of Rational Methods in Painting), founded by Max von Pettenkofer (1818-1901), Adolf Wilhelm Keim (1851-1913), and Franz von Lenbach (1836-1904). In 1910 he became President of the Society and joined the Munich Fine Arts academy as Dozent (lecturer) in painting technique. As a painter, he worked in an Impressionist style. Dörner advised on many in situ painting conservation projects, including the Tiepolo fresco at the Wurzburg Residenz. He achieved an international reputation for his 1921 book Malmaterial und seine Verwendung im Bilde (The Materials of the Artist and their Use in Painting). He was appointed professor of the practice of painting at the Academy in 1927 (Neuhaus says 1921). When the Society, whose facilities were associated with the Institute of Technology in Munich, ceased to exist, the "Dörner Institut" was founded at the Academy in Munich as an independent testing and research Institute for conservation and historic painting technique (Staatliche Prüf- und Forschungsanstalt für Farbentechnik). Dörner worked in the lab only a brief time before his death in 1939. In 1958, the Institute was merged with the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen (Bavarian Painting Collection) in the Neue Pinakothek, Munich.

Dörner's Materials of the Artist remains and important survey of painting materials and their historic application by the masters. His book joined that of Sir Charles Eastlake (q.v.) and an important work for artists, conservators and art historians.

Home Country: Germany

Sources: Neue deutsche Biographie 4: 1959; Allgeines Künstlerlexikon (Saur) 28: 252; Neuhaus, Eugen. "Postscript." Doerner, Max. The Materials of the Artist and their Use in Painting. Revised ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1962, p. xi.

Bibliography: Malmaterial und seine Verwendung in Bilde: nach den Vorträgen an der Akademie der bildenden Künste in München. Munich: Verlag für praktische Kunstwissenschaft, 1921, English, The Materials of the Artist and their Use in Painting, with Notes on the Techniques of the Old Masters. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1934; and Karlinger, Hans. Die hochromanische Wandmalerei in Regensburg. Munich: F. Schmidt, 1920.